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游乐设备故障案例分析

作者:隆迈游乐设备公司    时间:2019-08-19 10:04    点击量:

排列3大中小走势图   ZAINAN,HENDUOSHIHOUSHIRENWEIDE。

排列3大中小走势图   RUGUOZUNZHONGSHENGMING,NEIMEGEXINGGEYEDECONGYERENYUANJIUYINGGAIJIANFUZERENXIN。WOMENYOULEXINGYEBUXUYAOYICICIDESHIGULAITIXINGSHEBEIHEYUNYINGYOUWENTI。CONGTOUZIZHEDAOSHEJIDANWEIDAOYOULESHESHIZHIZAOSHANGDAOYUNYINGJICENG,MEIGERENDOUZHONGSHIYOULEANQUAN,CAISHIZHEIGEXINGYEXINGWANGDEQIANTI。

  随着我国人民生活水平的不断提升,大型游乐设施逐渐成为人们娱乐的一大选择。游乐设施属于特种设备,我国也规定了相关的法律标准,但是由于我国大型游乐设施行业属于一个新兴行业,发展时间不长,在很多方面存在很大安全隐患。为减少游乐设备安全事故的发生,分析大型游乐设备容易发生安全故障的主要问题,希望能为设备管理和维护工作人员带来有一些指导和帮助。

排列3大中小走势图   YOULESHEBEIDEZHIZAOZUIZAOCHUXIANZAI1837NIANDEWEIYENABOLANHUI,CONG20SHIJI50NIANDAIKAISHIKUAISUDEFAZHAN,SUIZHEWOGUOGUOMINJINGJIDEFAZHAN,ZI20SHIJI80NIANDAIWOGUODEYOULESHEBEIYEZHUJIANFAZHANLEQILAI。SUIZHEWOGUOYOULESHESHIDEXUNSUPUJI,YOULESHEBEIYEBAOLULEHENDUOANQUANYINHUAN。

一、机械故障引发的事故

  FASHENGJIXIEGUZHANGSHIDUOFANGMIANDE,GELEISHEBEIDEJIEGOUTEDIANHEGOUZAOYUANLIDOUBUYIYANG,GEGEZUJIANDOUBUYIYANG,YUNXINGXINGSHIYEBUTONG。YINCIXUYAOJUTIWENTIZUOJUTIFENXI。

1.YOUYUSHEJIQUEXIANZAOCHENGSHEBEIDEXIANTIANBUZU;

案例:“遨游太空”甩人事故

  24SUIDEXIAOHUOZIHUANGMOUZAICHENGZUOYOULESHESHI“AOYOUTAIKONG”SHI,BEIPAOCHUSHUAISHANG。GENJUBAOGAO,GAISHEBEISHEJISHIBINGWEIKAOLVJIAOPANGTIXINGYOUKECHENGZUODEANQUANWENTI,YINCIDANGHUANGMOUZUOSHANGSHIANQUANSHESHIYOUXIE“CHAOFUHE”。“BENLAISHEBEISHISANZHONGBAOXIANDE,YOUSHANGYAGAN、XIALAGANHEANQUANDAI。”SHEBEIQIDONGHOUZHUANDONGJILIE,ERHUANGMOUTIXINGJIAOPANG,XIALAGANYUANQUANDAISUOKOUZHIJIANJIYAJIAOYANZHONG。DANGANQUANDAISUOTOUYUSUOKOUDADAOYIDINGJIAODUSHI,ANQUANDAIJIUBEIDINGKAI,YINCIBEISHUAILEXIALAI。

2.ZHIZAOGONGYISHUIPINGDIZAOCHENGZHIZUOGONGYICUCAO;

案例:长垣“太空飞碟”旋转杆断裂

  2015NIAN4YUE6RIXIAWU5DIANZUOYOU,ZAIZHANGYUANXIANTONGTASISHANGYEJIEMIAOHUISHANG,YIZHONGMINGWEI“TAIKONGFEIDIE”DEYOULESHESHIZAIKONGZHONGFASHENGGUZHANG,XUANZHUANGANDUANLIE。ZAOCHENG19RENSHOUSHANG,QIZHONG1RENZHONGSHANG。JUDIAOCHA,GAISHEBEISHENGCHANZUOFANGWUZIZHI,SHEBEIWEIJINXINGGUOANQUANJIANCHAJIUCONGCONGDUIWAIYUNXING。

3.YOUYUYUANCAILIAOBENSHENDEQUEXIAN,ZAOCHENGSHEBEIMOUGEBUJIANRONGYIMOSUNHUODUANLIE;

案例:韩国釜山摩天轮观览车厢突然被撞翻转

排列3大中小走势图   2007NIAN,HANGUOFUSHANDEMOTIANLUNGUANLANCHEXIANGTURANBEIZHUANG,YOUYIJIEGUANGUANGLANCHECHEXIANGTURANFANZHUAN,LANCHEMENBEISHUAIKAI,LANCHENEIYOU5RENCONG20MIGAOKONGSHUAIXIA,4RENDANGCHANGSIWANG,1RENBUZHISHENWANG。

排列3大中小走势图   5MINGYOUKECONG20MIGAOKONGZHUILUODIMIAN。

案例:日本过山车事故造成1人死亡21人受伤

  2007NIAN5YUE5RIXIAWU,RIBENWANBOJINIANGONGYUANFASHENGGUOSHANCHESHIGU。YILIANGGUOSHANCHEZAIXINGSHIGUOCHENGZHONG,DIERJIECHEXIANGQIANFANGZUOCECHELUNDEJINSHUCHEZHOUDUANLIE。DIERJIECHEXIANGCHELUNTURANTUOLUO,CHEXIANGXIANGZUOYANZHONGQINGXIE,YIMINGNVCHENGKEDETOUBUZHUANGSHANGPANGBIANDETIEZHALAN,BUXINGDANGCHANGYUNMING,LINGYOUYIMINGNVCHENGKESHOUZHONGSHANG,CHESHANGQIYUCHENGKEJUNSHOUBUTONGCHENGDUDEQINGSHANG。

排列3大中小走势图   ANLI:MEIGUOTIAOLOUJIGANGLANDUANLIE:JIEDUAN13SUINVHAISHUANGJIAO

  2007NIAN6YUE21RI,MEIGUO“LIUMIANQIKENTAJIWANGGUOYOULECHANG”NEI,QITIAOLOUJIZAIZHECHENGKEJIJIANGSHENGDAOZUIGAOCHUDESHIHOU,YUTIAOLOUJIXIANGLIANDEYITIAOGANGLANTURANDUANLIE,GANGLANJIANGYIMING13SUINVHAISHUANGJIAOCONGJIAOHUAIYIXIASHENGSHENGJIEDUAN。

案例:世纪滑车导致学生致死事件

  xxYOULEYUANYOUXIANGONGSISHIYONGDEYITAISHIJIHUACHEZAITISHENGGUOCHENGZHONGTURANCHUXIANDAOHUA,ZAOCHENGWUHAOCHEXIANGHELIUHAOCHEXIANGCHELUNTUOGUI,LIUHAOCHEXIANGCEFANBIANXING,JIANGZUOZAIZUIHOUYIJIECHEXIANGNEIDEYIMINGZHONGXUESHENGJIYAPENGZHUANGZHISHANG,JINGQIANGJIUWUXIAOSIWANG,TONGCHEXIANGNEILINGYIXUESHENGSHOUQINGSHANG。

  SHIGUDEZHUYAOYUANYINSHI,YOULEYUANYOUXIANGONGSIZAISHEBEIWEIHUZHONGJIANGERHAOCHEXIANGYULIUHAOCHEXIANGDIAOHUAN,KONGZAISHIYUNXINGZHONGDUOCICHUXIANYICHANGXIANGSHENG,ZAIWEINENGZHAOCHUYUANYINHEXIAOCHUYICHANGDEQINGKUANGXIA,MANGMUTOURUZAIRENYUNXING。DAOZHIZAIYUNXINGTISHENGGUOCHENGZHONGCHUXIANGUZHANG,JITINGHOUCHEXIANGXIAHUA,ZHISHIHUACHENIXIANGKUAISUXIAHUATUOGUI。

案例:瑞典游乐场飞船坍塌造成36人受伤

  2008NIAN7YUE15RI,WEIYURUIDIANXIBUGEDEBAOSHIDELISIBEILIYOULECHANGYIZUOMINGWEI“CAIHONG”DEGAOKONGYAOBAIYOULESHESHIYINWEIYICHUQIUZHUANGZHOULUNCHUXIANGUZHANGDAOZHILETANTASHIGU。SHIGUFASHENGSHI,“CAIHONG”FEICHUANZUOWEITURANTANTABINGQINGXIEZHEXIANGXIAZHUILUO3MIDAODIMIAN,DANGSHIFEICHUANSHANGDE36GEZUOWEIQUANBUZUOMAN,YOUSHUWEIYOUKESHENZHIBEISHUAICHULEFEICHUANZUOWEI。FEICHUANSHANGSUOYOUCHENGKEDOUYOUSHOUSHANG,BAOKUOBUTONGCHENGDUDEGUZHEHEJINGHEDENG,QIZHONG20RENSHANGSHIYANZHONG。SHIGUGONGZAOCHENG36RENSHOUSHANG,QIZHONGBUSHAOSHIERTONG。

案例:韩国蹦极绳索断裂:从30多米高摔到地面

排列3大中小走势图   2008NIAN8YUE5RI,HANGUOYIGESHUISHANGYOULECHANGYIMING30DUOSUIYOUKEWANBENGJISHISHENGSUODUANLIE,CONG30DUOMIGAOSHUAIDAODIMIAN。TAXIANSHUAIDAODIMIANDEQIDIANBIANYUAN,ZAIGUNDAODISHANG,NAOBUZHONGSHANG,BUXINGSHENWANG。

案例:过山车连接处断开,幸无人员伤亡

  2012NIAN5YUE1RI13SHI40FEN,MOUGUOSHANCHEZAICHUANGUOYIGE360DUDEYUANHUGUIDAO,ZHENGDANGTAZHUNBEIZAIGUIDAOSHANGJIXUPANPASHI,FACHU“HONGLONGHONGLONG”DESHENGYIN,GONGZUORENYUANWEIBIMIANFASHENGYIWAI,CAIQULEJINJIZHIDONGCUOSHI,JINJIZHIDONGCHANSHENGLEYIDINGLIDU,SHIDECHETOUHECHEXIANGDELIANJIEQISHOUDAOYALIERDUANKAI,。GONGZUORENYUANSUIJIJIAQIANQUANTIZHANKAIJIUYUAN,CHESHANG16MINGYOUKEJINGJIAOZHIHOUSHUNLIXIACHE,XINGWURENYUANSHOUSHANG。

案例:美国六旗游乐园过山车安全保护脱落,游客从高空坠落死亡

  2013NIAN7YUE23RI,MEIGUODEKESASIZHOULIUQIYOULEYUANNEI,YIMINGFUNVCHENGZUOHAOCHENGSHISHIJIEZUIGAODEHUNHEGANGZHIGUOSHANCHESHIANQUANBAOHUTUOLUO,CONGGAOKONGZHUILUOSIWANG。

案例:游乐场里一群游客正坐在暴风转椅上享受“飞一般的感觉”,突然一位游客所乘坐转椅的锁链突然断裂,这名游客瞬间就被凌空甩飞。

4.ZHIZAOZHUANGBEIJINGDUBUGAO;

案例:电动游览车刹车失灵,造成10人伤亡

  2015NIAN6YUE26RI,JINGQUSHANDINGDIAOSHIDIANDONGYOULANCHESHI,FANHUITUZHONGYINLIANGTAIDIANLANCHEZAIXIAPOLUDUANTUYUCHACHESHILING,FENBIEZHUANGXIANGJINGQUDIANDONGSHENSUOMENHEYIKEDASHU,FASHENGSHIGU,GONGZAOCHENG10RENSHANGWANG。

排列3大中小走势图 5.SHEBEIWEIHUBUDAOWEI,RUNHUABUWEIQUERUNHUAYOU;

6.CAIGOUDEGUANJIANPEIJIANZHILIANGCHADENGDUOFANGMIANYINSU。

二、电气控制系统故障引发的事故

  ZHUYAOSHIKONGZHIYUANJIANZHILIANGCHAZAOCHENGDESHIXIAO,YEYOUQIWENGUODI、FENGSUGUODAZAOCHENGCHUANGANQIDESHIXIAO,YEYOUJIDIANQISHIXIAO。CONGERRONGYIFASHENGWUCHABAOJINGHUOSUNHUAIYUANQIJIANERFASHENGTINGCHEGUZHANG。

案例:海盗船断电失控:不停地转

  2005NIAN9YUE16RIYILIANGZHUANGZAIZHE14MINGYOUKEDEHAIDAOCHUANZAIYUNXINGDEGUOCHENGZHONGTURANDUANDIAN,YUANBENZHINENGXUANZHUANQIBAQUAN(YUEWEILIANGSANFENZHONG)DEHAIDAOCHUAN,ZAIGUANXINGDEZUOYONGXIAYIZHIBUTINGDIZHUAN,ZUZUZHUANLE10DUOFENZHONGHOUCAITINGXIALAI。JINGKONGBUYIDEYOUKEZAIKONGZHONGBUTINGDIJIANJIAO,XIANCHANGXIANRUYIPIANHUNLUAN。YIFANZHETENGZHIHOU,14WEIYOUKEZHONG,DABUFENDERENDOUCHUXIANTOUYUN、OUTU、SHUANGJIAOFARUANDEZHENGZHUANG。

案例:美国游乐园过山车停电,游客被倒挂半小时

排列3大中小走势图   2007NIAN6YUE9RIWAN,MEIGUOAKENSEZHOUDEYIJIAYOULEYUANYINTINGDIANDAOZHIDUOLIANGXINGSHIZHONGDEFANGUNGUOSHANCHETINGXIA,QIZHONGYILIANGMINGWEI“X-CHUAN”DEGUOSHANCHEQIAHAOXINGSHIDAOHUANXINGGUIDAOZUIGAODIAN,JUDIMIANDAYUE45MI,CHESHANG12MINGYOUKECHUYUDAOGUAWEIZHI。

案例:韩国木制过山车:高空突停

  2008NIAN3YUE22RIXIAWU,DAZAI36MINGCHENGKEDEGUOSHANCHEZAISHENGSHANG56MIGAODEDINGFENGTUZHONG,ZAICHUFA20DUOMIAOHOUTURANZAI40MIGAOCHUJINGZHI。CHENGKEZAIGUOSHANCHESHANGZUIZHANGDEDAILE17FENZHONG,CAIZAIYOUGUANRENYUANYINDAOXIACONGXIANLUPANGDEJINJIJIETITAOTUOXIANJING。

案例:游乐园:过山车脱链

排列3大中小走势图   2008NIAN4YUE7RI,YOULEYUANNEISHANGYANJINGXIANYIMU:YILIANGGUOSHANCHETURANFASHENGJIXIEGUZHANG,DAOZHI13MINGYOUKEBEIKUNKONGZHONG。SHIFAHOU10FENZHONG,BEIKUNYOUKECAIZAIGONGZUORENYUANDAILINGXIA,CONGYIPANGDELOUTIPAXIADIMIAN。

案例:美国旋转飞椅骤停:游客被困空中4小时

排列3大中小走势图   2012NIAN9YUE20RIMEIGUONANJIAZHOUYIGEYOULECHANGZHONGDEXUANZHUANFEIYIRIQIANFASHENGGUZHANG。20MINGYOUKEZHENGZAIXIANGSHOUBEIDANGDAO300YINGCHI(91.44MI)GAOKONGDEKUAIGAN,RANHOUSHEBEITURANTINGLE。YOUKESHENZIHAIXIEZHE,SHUANGTUIZAIKONGZHONGDANGZHE,ZHEIYIJINGSONGGUOCHENGJINGRANCHIXULEJIN4GEXIAOSHI,ZHIDAOJIQIZHONGXINKAISHIYUNZHUAN。

三、液压控制系统故障引发的事故

  SHIYOUYUYEYAXITONGBENSHENDEZHILIANGCHA,ZAOCHENGXIELOU,ZHUYAOYUANJIANRONGYIMOSUN,DAOZHIYEYACHUANDIDONGLIBUZU。

四、气动系统故障引发的事故

  YESHIYUYEYAXITONGYIYANG,ZAOCHENGXIELOU,ZHUYAOYUANJIANRONGYIMOSUN,DAOZHIQIDONGCHUANDIDONGLIBUZU。

五、人为的影响引发的事故

  RENWEIZAOCHENGDEGUZHANG,ZHUYAOSHIWEIHURENYUANJISHUSHUIPINGBUGAO,MEIYOUFAXIANQIANZAIDEWENTI。LINGWAICAOZUORENYUANWUCAOZUOHUOZERENXINBUQIANGZAOCHENG。

案例:洋人街游乐场发生高空事故

排列3大中小走势图   2012NIAN8YUE30RIXIAWU,YOUKEZHENGZAIYULESHESHI“GAOKONGFEIXIANG”SHANGWANSHUA,PANGBIANYIZHENGZAIZUOYEDIAOCHEGANGLANYU“GAOKONGFEIXIANG”DIAOYIFASHENGCAGUA,ZHI9MINGSHIMINSHOUSHANG。

案例:西安秦岭欢乐世界极速风车甩落游客

排列3大中小走势图   2013NIAN9YUE15RIXIAWU2DIANZUOYOU,GAI“JISUFENGCHE”ANJIANSHI,JIANBUBAOXIANGANGZIDONGKOUXIALAI,ERGONGZUORENYUANWEIBANGMANGXISHANGTUISHANGDEANQUANKOU。ZAOCHENGYUNZHUANSHITURANSHUAICHUSANMINGCHENGKE。

案例:狂呼项目发生意外事故

  KUANGHUXIANGMUFASHENGYIWAISHIGU,YOUYOUKEZAISHANGWEIKOUHAOANQUANDAISHI,SHEBEITURANKAIDONG,DAOZHIDUORENCONG3MIGAOCHUDIAOXIA。

6、环境因素的影响也是造成事故发生的可能性因素

案例:瑞典动力伞失控:1死1伤

排列3大中小走势图   2012NIAN8YUE12RIRUIDIANFASHENGYIQIDONGLISANZHUILUOSHIGU,DAOZHI1RENSIWANG、1RENZHONGSHANG。GAIFEIXINGDONGLISANDANGTIANQIFEISHIYINYUDAOZHENFENGERSHIKONG,ZUIZHONGZHUANGXIANGDANGDIJICHANGYICANGKUDEDINGBUHOUZHUILUOZAIJICHANGKONGDISHANG。SANSHANGLIANGRENSHOUSHANG,BEIJIUYUANRENYUANLIKESONGWANGYIYUAN,DAN1RENYINYIZHIWUXIAOSIWANG。

案例:埃及热气球起火爆炸并坠毁

  2013NIAN2YUE26RI,AIJINANBUGUCHENGLUKESUOFASHENGYIQIREQIQIUQIHUOBAOZHABINGZHUIHUISHIGU,ZAOCHENG19RENSIWANG,QIZHONGBAOKUO9MINGZHONGGUOXIANGGANGYOUKE。

案例:台湾水世界乐园发生氯气中毒事故

  2013NIAN7YUE30RI,TAIWANSHUISHIJIELEYUAN34MINGYOUKEFASHENGLVQIZHONGDUSHIGU。

排列3大中小走势图   YAOYUFANGSHEBEIFASHENGGUZHANG,XUYAOYOUNAXIECUOSHICAINENGBAOZHENGSHEBEIDEZHENGCHANGYUNXING,BAOZHENGYOUKEHESHEBEIDEANQUAN?

  1.JIANLIWANSHANDEANQUANWEIHUGUANLIZHIDU,WEIBAORENYUANYAOANGONGZUOLIUCHENGJINXINGSHEBEIWEIBAO。WEIHURENYUANSHANGGANGQIANBIXUJINGGUOYANGEDEPEIXUNCAINENGSHANGGANG。YAOXUANZEYIXIESUZHIJIAOGAO,ZERENXINQIANGDEWEIHURENYUANLAIWEIBAOSHEBEI;

  2.JIANLIWANSHANDESHEBEIJIANCHALIUCHENG,ANQUANKEKAODIWANCHENGSHEBEIDERIZHOUYUENIANJIANGONGZUOYIJIPINGSHIDEWEIBAOGONGZUO。ZAIRICHANGJINXINGSHEBEIWEIBAOSHI,YAOQUANMIANJIANCHA,GAIGENGHUANDEBUJIANJIUYAOGENGHUAN,BUJISHEBEILIUXIARENHEGUZHANGYINHUAN。

  3.JIANLISHEBEIGUZHANGANLIDANGANKU。KEYITIGAOSHEBEIGUANLIRENYUANDEGUANLISHUIPING;KETIGAOWEIXIURENYUANDESUZHI,TIGAOPAICHUGUZHANGDEXIAOLV;KEZUOWEIWEIBAORENYUANPEIXUNKECHENG,TIGAOWEIHURENYUANDEWEIXIUSHUIPING;KEYOUXIAODETIQIANZHONGDIANJIANCHAHEGUANZHU,XIAOCHUGUZHANGYINHUAN,BAOZHANGYOUKESHENGMINGANQUAN;KEWEIGUANLICENGKEXUEJUECETIGONGZHENSHIYOUXIAODESHUJU。

  4.JIANLIWANSHANDESHEBEIDANGAN。SUISHIKEYICHAYUEYIXIEZHONGYAODESHUJUZILIAO,YIBIMIANJIANXIUZHONGDESHIWU,BINGNENGTIGAOJIANXIUGONGZUOXIAOLV。

  5.JIANLISHEBEIANQUANPINGJIATIXI。DUISHEBEIDEANQUANXINGZUOCHUKEXUEDEPINGJIA。JIANLISHEBEIANQUANFENGXIANPINGGUTIXI,TONGGUOSHEBEIANQUANPINGGU,SHIGUANLIHEWEIBAORENYUANDUISHEBEIDEFENGXIANYUANYOUYIGECHONGFENDERENSHI。

  6.JIANLIYINGJIJIUYUANYUAN。YINGYUXIANFENXIGUZHANGFASHENGYOUKENENGZAOCHENGDEZUIWEIXIANDEZHUANGTAI,JINERZHIDINGZUIJIADEJIUYUANFANGAN。

排列3大中小走势图   7.ZUZHIANQUANJIAOYUPEIXUNHESHIGUANLIFENXITAOLUNHUI,ZENGJIAWEIJIYISHI,SHIGONGZUOLIUCHENGHUA。BASHIGUZERENLIHAIFENXITOUCHE,BAANJIANLIUCHENGXINGCHENGJIXIEXINGJIYI。

排列3大中小走势图   8.YOUHUARENYUANHUANGANGZHIDU,BIMIANJINGSHENSHANGDEPIBEIHEYANFAN。KEXUEDEHUANGANGSHIJIANANPAI,NENGSHICAOZUORENYUANGONGZUODESHIWUJILVDADAJIANGDI。

  通过上述分析,其最终目的是为我们设备管理和维护人员,提供理论上且具有实操性的东西,意在提醒管理和维护人员在大型游乐设备排列3大中小走势图运行期间应把安全放在第一位,做好预防工作,防止事故的发生。提高设备管理的水平,为我国游乐行业的良性发展提供有益的探索。

排列3大中小走势图   TONGGUOSHANGSHUDEANLI,ZHENZHENGXIWANGCONGYERENYUANCONGZHONGXIQUJIAOXUN,ZUODAOYOULE0SHIGU。

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