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GB8408-2018《大型游乐设施安全规范》国家标准介绍

作者:隆迈游乐设备公司    时间:2019-05-15 09:03    点击量:

排列3大中小走势图   QUANGUOSUOYOUBIAOWEIHUIYU2000NIANCHENGLI,CONGSHIQUANGUOSUODAO、YOULESHESHIHEGUANGUANGCHESANGEXINGYEBIAOZHUNHUADEZUZHI,SHIGUOJIABIAOZHUNWEIZHISHUDEJISHUWEIYUANHUI,MISHUCHUGUAKAOZAIZHONGGUOTEZHONGSHEBEIJIANCEYANJIUYUAN。

  下文分为三块内容,第一是背景情况;第二是GB8408的修订以及定位过程;第三简单介绍一下主题的修订内容。
 

背景情况

  GUOSHANCHE、MOTIANLUN、ZHUANMA、TIAOLOUJI、DABAICHUI、KUANGSHANCHEZHEISHIYOULEYUANLIDIANXINGYOULESHEBEI,LINGWAIJINGQULIDEHUASUO、HUADAODENGYIJIXILIUSHIGUANGUANGQIQIU,YESHUYUDAXINGYOULESHESHIFANCHOU。GENJUTEZHONGSHEBEIANQUANJIANCHATIAOLI,DAXINGYOULESHESHI:SHIZHIYONGYUJINGYINGMUDE,CHENGZAICHENGKEYOULEDESHESHI,QIFANWEIGUIDINGWEISHEJIZUIDAYUNXINGXIANSUDUDAYUHUOZHEDENGYU2m/s,HUOZHEYUNXINGGAODUJUDIMIANGAOYUHUOZHEDENGYU2mDEZAIRENDAXINGYOULESHESHI。

排列3大中小走势图   FAZHANLICHENGSHANGLAIKAN,ZUIZAODEGUOCHANYOULESHESHIKEYIZHUISUDAO1951NIANDEXIAOXINGSHEBEI, 1981NIANQIANHOUDAQINGERTONGLEYUAN,GUANGDONGDEZHONGSHANLEYUANYIJIZHANGJIANGLEYUANYEFENFENKAIYE,XIANQILEDIYIBOYOULEYUANDEJIANSHEGAOCHAO。2000NIANQIANDAXINGYOULESHESHIZHUYAOYIJINKOUWEIZHUFANGZHIWEIFU。2000NIANDESHIHOU,YINWEIDAXINGYOULESHESHISHIGUPINFA,SHEHUIYINGXIANGJIQIELIE,YINCIGUOJIABATANARULETEZHONGSHEBEI,YOUZHENGFUJINXINGQIANGZHIANQUANJIANGUAN。

近年来大型游乐设施事故数据

  游乐设施本身是创造欢乐的载体,具有参与人数多,覆盖区域敏感,地标效应明显等特点,因此一旦发现事故社会影响极其恶劣,因此也把它称为特种设备的特种设备,从安全状况上来讲,按照特种设备的万台死亡率来讲,从十一五、十二五整体是一个下降的过程。技术发展方面,产品向大型化、高参数、新奇特、高刺激等方向发展。设备数量逐年递增,2018年达到2.51万台套。游乐园发展方面,近年来全球前10中的游乐园中我国占据3-4席。因此,对我国游乐设施的产品质量、运营水平和安全保障提出了更高的要求。
 

 

GB8408定位和修订过程

  刚才说了大型游乐设施既然纳入特种设备进行安全监管,政府有一套健全的法规标准体系进行相应的管理,最高层面有《特种设备安全法》,在国务院的行政法规方面有特种设备安全监察条例,市场监管总局层面有大型游乐设施安全监察规定等以及一系列安全技术规范。在国家标准层面,有一系列的国家标准进行支撑。目前已经正式颁布大型游乐设施标准一共34项,如技术标准、安全标准、产品标准、使用规范标准还有检验检测标准一共34项,其中最核心的就是GB8408安全标准。

排列3大中小走势图   GB8408MUQIANSHIDISIBAN,BENCIXIUDINGYOUJIGEYUANZEHESILU:DIYI,JICHENGHEFAZHANDESILU。2008NIANBANSHIYONGLESHINIAN,BAOZHENGLEYOULESHESHIXINGYEJIANKANGCHIXUFAZHAN,HENDUONEIRONGSHIYOUXIAODE。ZAI2008BANDEJICHUSHANGCHIXUGAIJINYIJIYOUHUA,BAOLIULE2008NIANBANJUEDABUFENNEIRONG,DUIBUFENNEIRONGXIJIEJINXINGLEXIUGAI。DIER,SHIGUYUWENTIDAOXIANGDEYUANZE。JINNIANLAIYEFASHENGLEYIXIEYOULESHESHISHIJIFASHENGDESHIGU,YIDANFASHENGSHIGU,WOMENZAIBIAOZHUNLIMIANJIUYAOYOUSUOTIXIAN,YOUSUOZENGJIA,NAPAWOMENBIAOZHUNYIJINGXIEHAOLE,WOMENZAICIQIANGDIAO。ZAIJIANYANJIANCEZHONGFAXIANLEHENDUODEWENTI,BIRUSHUOHANJIE,KEYISHUOMUQIANJIANYANJIANCEGONGZUOZHONG,YIBANDUODEQUEXIANDOUSHIHANJIELIEWENDENGDENGZHEIXIEWENTI,WOMENZAIBIAOZHUNLIMIANYEYAOZUOJINYIBUDEJIAQIANGYIJISHENRU。YISHIGUHEWENTIZUOWEIDAOXIANG,YOUZHENDUIXINGJINXINGXIUDINGHEXIUGAI。DISAN,ANQUANDIYI。SUOYOUDENEIRONGBIXUBAANQUANFANGZAISHOUWEI。DISI,LILUNHESHUJUZHICHENG。RUGUOXIANGDUINEIRONGJINXINGXIUGAIDEHUAMEIYOUWENTI,DANSHIBIXUYOUXIANGYINGDELILUNHESHUJUDEZHICHI。DIWU,KEYANCHENGGUOCHENGSHUYINGYONG。

GB8408定位和修订过程

  GB8408DEXIUDINGGUOCHENG,SUOYOUBIAOWEIHUIZUZHIZHONGGUOTEJIANYUAN、JIANGSUTEJIANYUAN、ZHONGSHANSHIJINMA、WENZHOUNANFANG、HUAQIANGFANGTE、ZHEJIANGJUMA、SHANGHAIXIDOU、BEIJINGWANDA、BEIJINGSHIBAOLAI、WANDAWENLVYUAN、SHANDONGTEJIANYUAN、GUANGDONGDALANG、GUANGDONGDAXINDENGDANWEICANYUBIANXIEGONGZUO。QICAOZUCHENGLILECAILIAOZU、SHEJIZU、ZHIZAOZU、HANJIEZU、DIANQIZU、ANQUANFANGHUZU、JIANYANZU、SHIYONGGUANLIZUDENGBUTONGDEBIANXIEXIAOZU。GEZUDUIGEZIFUZEDENEIRONGJINXINGLECHONGFENDEDIAOYANHELUNZHENG。2014NIANQIDONGBIAOZHUNXIUDING,2016NIANWANCHENGZHENGQIUYIJIANGAO,2016NIANDISUOYOUBIAOWEIHUIJINXINGSHENCHA,WANCHENGBAOPIGAO。2017NIAN4YUEFENTEZHONGSHEBEIJUANWEIHUISHENCHA,2017NIANDIJINXINGWTODEQIANGBIAOTONGGAO。

 

主要修订内容简介

  DIYI、BIAOZHUNCONGZHENGTIKUANGJIAJIEGOUSHANGJINXINGDAFUDUDEDIAOZHENG。2008BANDEBIAOZHUNSHIANZHAOJIUGEZHANGJIEJINXINGBIANJIDE,DISISHISHEJI,DIWUSHICHUANDONG,DILIUSHIDIANQI,DIQISHIANQUAN,DIBASHIZHIZAOANQUAN,DIJIUSHIYONGGUANLI,ZHEIGELUOJISHUNXUKENENGLVEWEIYOUYIXIEHUNLUAN,BENCIANZHAOQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQIDEJIAODUZHONGXINJINXINGLESHULI,BADISIGAIWEIZONGZE,YIXIEZONGDEYAOQIUYIXIEDADEGUIDINGXINGDEYAOQIUFANGZAIZONGZELIMIAN,BACAILIAOYIJIJINGUJIANZHEIYIKUAIZHONGXINNACHULAIZUOWEIDIWUBUFEN,DILIUSHISHEJI,DIQISHIZHIZAOANZHUANG,DIBASHISHIYONGGUANLIYUWEIHUBAOYANG。ZHEIYANGBIAOZHUNANZHAODAXINGYOULESHESHIQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQIDEJINXINGBIANPAI,GENGBIANYUSHIYONG。

排列3大中小走势图   DIER,WOMENTUCHULEFENGXIANPINGJIADEDIWEI——FANGRUZONGZE。ZHENDUIYOULESHESHIXINGSHIDUOYANG,BIANHUAZUHEJIAODUODETEDIAN,JIANGFENGXIANPINGJIAZUOWEIQIBAOZHANGANQUANDEJIBENYUANZE。SIKAOYOULESHESHIMEIZHONGWEIXIANYUANXIANGGUANDEFASHENGGAILV、HOUGUODEYANZHONGXING,CAIQUDEYUFANGCUOSHISHIFOUHESHIDENG。

  DISAN,WOMENTICHUZHEIGECHENGZAIXITONGDEGAINIAN,CHENGZAIXITONGBAOKUOCHENGRENZHUANGZHIHECHENGKESHUFUZHUANGZHI(ANQUANDAI、ANQUANYAGANG、DANGGANDENG),CHENGZAIXITONGSHIZHIJIEGUANXICHENGKEANQUANDEZHONGYAOBUFEN。ZHENDUIJINNIANLAICHENGZAIXITONGXIANGGUANSHIGUJIAODUODEWENTI,XINBIAOZHUNDANDUJIANLICHENGZAIXITONGZHANGJIE,DUICHENGRENZHUANGZHI、CHENGKESHUFUZHUANGZHI、CHENGKESHUFUZHUANGZHIDEXUANXING、ANQUANJULIDENGZENGJIAHEXIHUALEJISHUYAOQIU。LIRU:YAOQIUANQUANDAIKAKOUZUJIANYINGYOUJINSHUCAILIAOZHICHENG。ANQUANDAIKAKOUZUJIANBENSHEN、ANQUANDAIKAKOUZUJIANYUANQUANDAIDEPODUANLALIYINGBUXIAOYU6000 N。ANQUANDAIKAKOUZUJIANYINGSUOJINKEKAO,ZAIWUWAILIZUOYONGDEQINGKUANGXIABUYINGZIXINGDAKAI,BIYAOSHIYINGSHEZHIFANGZHICHENGKEZIXINGDAKAIDEBAOXIANZHUANGZHI。ANQUANDAIYINGMINGQUEGENGHUANZHOUQIHUOGENGHUANTIAOJIANDENG。WEIJIEJUEZAISHIJISHEBEIZHONGCHENGKESHUFUZHUANGZHISHEJIBUHELIWENTI,XINBIAOZHUNZHONGTICHUJIYUJIASUDUDECHENGKESHUFUZHUANGZHIXUANXINGYAOQIU。ANZHAORENTIJIASUDUFENWEIDUOGEQUYU,BUTONGQUYUSHEZHIXIANGYINGDECHENGKESHUFUZHUANGZHIYAOQIU,DUISHUFUZHUANGZHIDECHENGYUANSHULIANGHESUOJINWEIZHI、SUOJINJIGOUDESUOJINFANGSHIHESHIFANGFANGSHI、SHIFOUXUYAOYUQIDONGLIANSUO、SHIFOUXUYAOERCISUOJINBAOHUDENGTICHULEMINGQUEYAOQIU。

  DISI,ZENGJIAHEXIHUAHANJIEJISHUYAOQIU。HANJIESHIYOULESHESHIZHONGYAODEZHIZAOGONGXU,DUIJIEGOUANQUANDEYINGXIANGZHIGUANZHONGYAO。ZHENDUISHIJIGONGZUOZHONG,YOULESHESHIDEHANJIEZHILIANGBUWENDING,CUNZAIJIAODUOANQUANYINHUAN,ZHONGYAOHANFENGZHENGYIJIAODUODENGWENTI,XINBIAOZHUNZHONGDUIHANJIESHEJI、HANJIEGUOCHENGKONGZHIJIJIANCEYAOQIUTICHULEGENGMINGQUEDEYAOQIU。

  ZAIXINZENGJIADE“HANJIESHEJI”YIJIEZHONG,MINGQUELEHANJIEJIETOUSHEJIYUANZE、HANJIEJIETOUXINGSHI、HANFENGDEFENJI、HANJIEJIEDIANGOUZAOYAOQIU、HANFENGQIANGDUJISUAN、HANFENGJIANCEYAOQIUDENGNEIRONG。TONGGUOFENGXIANPINGJIAKAOLVHANFENGSHIXIAODEKENENGXING、SHIXIAOHOUGUODEYANZHONGXING、HANFENGDEKEJIANYANXINGDENGYINSUDUIHANFENGJINXINGFENJI,BUTONGDEFENJIDUIYINGBUTONGDEJIANCEYAOQIU,

排列3大中小走势图   DIWU,XINZENGHEMINGQUEJIEGOUSHEJIYAOQIU。LIRUYINGKAOLVYOULESHESHIDEKEJIANYANXING,YINGBIANYUJIANCHAHEJIANCE,XUYAOCHAIXIEDE,YINGBIANYUCHAIXIE;JIANCHAKONGHERENKONGDEJIHECHICUNYINGMANZUJIANCHAXUYAO,QIEYINGYOUFANGZHIJISHUIDECUOSHI;JIEGOUJIANDEPAISHUICUOSHIYINGYOUXIAO,QIWAIBIAOMIANJIJIEGOUJIANNEIBUBUYINGYOUSHENLOUSHUIHUOCANLIUJISHUI;ZHONGYAOLUOSHUANLIANJIEYINGNENGMANZUZAIHEYAOQIU,YINGCAIQUFANGZHILUOSHUANSONGDONGDECUOSHI。LUOSHUANANZHUANGHOUYINGYOUMINGXIANDEFANGSONGBIAOSHI。ZHONGYAOZHOUJIXIAOZHOUYINGBIMIANYINGLIJIZHONG,RUJINLIANGXIAODEJIEMIANBIANHUA、ZHOUJIANCHUJINKENENGDADEYUANJIAODENG。

  总之,安全是游乐设施不可触碰的底线和红线,游乐设施国家标准将为相应法律法规和政府安全监管提供技术支撑,也将规范行业,引领行业进步,保障游乐安全。

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